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The ideal way to correct such a situation is to change the conditioned emotional response. This can be accomplished through relearning. Then, and only then, will total SNS activity be reduced. Such relearning of emotional responses can be greatly facilitated through hypnosis.
Our second example, the secreting of hydrochloric acid, was selected because it is one of the few functions of the body that is solely under the control of the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS). Alone it is of little interest, together with other functions inebriated by the PNS it is of tremendous importance. In certain emotional situations there can be an excessive amount of hydrochloric acid secreted. Generally this excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid is accompanied by increases in other PNS activity. There is often hyperactivity of the stomach and an increase in the amount of blood supplied to the viscera. In some cases there is a decrease in the mucous lining of the stomach. Lets combine these events and see what happens.
Typically during fear or anxiety the above conditions are inhibited. The secretion of hydrochloric acid is decreased, less blood is supplied to the stomach wall and the stomach becomes less active. However, during some emotions, such as chronic resentment, the situation may be reversed. There is an excessive secretion of hydrochloric acid, an increase in stomach activity and blood supply. Minute hemorrhages may occur in the walls of the stomach. If there is a decrease in the mucous lining of the stomach during such a state, we have an ideal situation for the production of ulcers. There is a rich blood supply to an over active stomach which, with or without minute hemorrhages, becomes more sensitive to the action of hydrochloric acid. Under such conditions hydrochloric acid begins to consume the lining of the stomach and an ulcer is born. While it is known that emotions, such as resentment, can directly trigger the PNS, more profound emotions seem to be followed by over PNS activity after some time has elapsed. It is suspected that initial SNS activity is sometimes followed by a period of increased PNS activity which is regarded as over compensatory in nature. However, more research is needed before this phenomenon can be understood. It is certain though; the events leading to the development of a stomach or intestinal ulcer are the result of over activity on the part of the PNS. As with the case of hyperhydrosis, the symptoms can be treated by drugs or surgery. But again, re-education is the method of choice. By learning new conditioned responses not only will the ulcer-tendency be reduced, but also the tendency to develop other psychosomatic disorders. Again, hypnosis is probably the quickest and least expensive method available today.
Among the psychosomatic diseases we listed was asthma. The asthmatic tends to have great difficulty breathing at times. Sometimes he is described as allergic to pollen or other substances. Sometimes no evidence of allergy can be found. Always there is excessive enervation of the PNS leading to the lungs. The mucus cells are forced to over secrete and the blood vessels supplying the lungs are dilated accompanied by swelling of tissues. In other words, the air passages become congested and breathing becomes difficult. The classic method of treating acute cases is an injection of adrenalin. Adrenalin acts a powerful stimulant on the SNS. A dramatic change takes place. The mucous secretion stops, the blood vessels and the tissue around them constrict. The individual can then breath. Anyone that has ever used a "benzedrine inhaler" has experienced the same thing in the mucous tissues of the nose.
In the above case, surgery is ruled out as the branches of the vagus nerves that enervate the lungs are easily confused with those supplying the heart. Again, the most effective therapy is re-education. The individual can be reconditioned so that his PNS will no longer over react to stressful situations.
Muscular tension plays a large part in our emotional states and psychosomatic conditions. Smooth muscle, the type of muscle found in the organs of the body is under the control of the ANS. These muscles are generally not considered to be under voluntary control. These muscles are in a state of more or less constant activity. Their general pattern of activity is one of slow increase or decrease of muscular tone.
It is possible for skeletal, or voluntary muscles, of the body to maintain various states of tension. This is typical of the antigravity muscles (those muscles that help us maintain our posture). They are called antigravity muscles because they oppose the force of gravity when one is in an upright position. During most of our waking hours, some or all of these muscles are in a state of tension. However, there is a marked difference between individuals.
|The instructions presented are from the personal collections and writing library of Mr. Robert E. Cutter, who died December 13, 2001, while in the process of completing the transfer of his work to the internet. These are offered as educational instruction only. The purpose of this instruction is the effective learning and use of hypnotic techniques for vocational or avocational self-improvement. This instruction is not offered as a substitute for, nor as a supplement to, any form of therapy concerned with physical, mental, nervous or emotional illness. Robert E. Cutter served as web consultant for American Psychotherapy and Medical Hypnosis Association for three years. His hypnosis education came through the training he provided at a school he owned in the 1950's in Los Angeles, California, along with his wife who preceded him in death in 1980. Robert Cutter was not a psychologist and did not practice psychotherapy, but his interest in hypnosis motivated him to provide free resources materials for others who wanted to learn to use the power of their minds to improve well being and health-related issues.|
Michael A. Robinson, R.N.- BC Psychiatry
Licensed Texas State Nursing Board Registered Nurse
Texas State Nursing Board Certified in Psychiatry
In Honor and Memory of Robert E. Cutter, B.S. 1923-d.2001
From the Writings of Robert Cutter's Self Hypnosis Center
About Feelings Network
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